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KONARK-The Sun Temple | Amazing India

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KONARK - THE SUN TEMPLE ———————————————— Temple is located in an eponymous village 65 kilometres from the city of Bhubaneswar on the Bay of Bengal coa...

Дата загрузки:2022-12-08T17:55:09+0000

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KONARK - THE SUN TEMPLE
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Temple is located in an eponymous village 65 kilometres from the city of Bhubaneswar on the Bay of Bengal coastline in the Indian state of Odisha

Konark Temple was built in 1250 CE by the Eastern Ganga King Narsimhadeva-1
it is the culmination of Kalingan temple architecture

And construction caused the mobilization of 1,200 workers for 12 years using Chlorite, Laterite and Khondalite rocks

Several Puranas mention Surya worship centers in Mundira, which may have been the earlier name for Konark

The entrance is guarded by Two huge lions each killing a war elephant and beneath the elephant is a man. The lions represent pride,
elephants represent wealth and
both of them consumes man.

The Natya manda (dance hall) raised on a high platform with a decorative pillared
unroofed hall.

In every year, on the first week of December, world famous five days Konark Dance Festival is held here

This is a giant ornamented chariot dedicated to the Sun god. also called BLACK PAGODA

On the north and south sides are 24 carved stone wheels, each about 3 m in diameter and are pulled by a set of seven horses.
seven horses are named after the seven meters of Sanskrit prosody of Gayatri, Brihati, Ushnih, Jagati, Trishtubha, Anushtubha, and Pankti

The statues of seven galloping horses used to draw the chariot, but now only one horse remains well preserved

The chariot's twelve pairs of wheels corresponds to the 12 months of the Hindu calendar, each month paired into two cycles (Shukla and Krishna)

These wheels are sundials, which can be used to calculate time accurately to a minute.

The entrance hall retains its pyramidal roof structure, which reached a height of 227 feet

The temple plan includes all the traditional elements , the layout of sculptures and reliefs, follow the square and circle geometry, forms found in Odisha temple design

there was an Aruna stambha (Sun pillar) in front of the main temple, it is no longer here as it was moved and placed at the Puri Jagannatha temple.

the bottom of the platform contains friezes of elephants, marching soldiers, musicians, and images depicting the secular life of the people
Most of them are jewelry-quality miniature details

The Konark temple is also known for its erotic sculptures of maithunas. these images are included with other aspects of human life as well as deities found integrated into the art of many Hindu temples

The upper levels of the temple contain larger and more significant works of art than the lower level. These include images of musicians and mythological narratives as well as sculptures of Hindu deities

This Temple complex has ruins of many subsidiary shrines and monuments around the main temple.

Three images of sun God can be see at the three direction of the temple The morning Sun, the Sun at noon and the evening Sun

the stories & myths associated with the temple are many.The most popular theory associated with Konark temple is its magnets & the levitating idol. The unique arrangements of the top magnet, bottom magnet and the iron plates placed between the layers of the inner wall makes powerful magnetic field The idol of Sun God was built of a material with iron content so that it levitates in between the same.

the Portuguese sailors destroyed the temple By the removal of the lodestone which lead to the collapse of the main temple.

The Sun Temple of Konark has been declared a Cultural world heritage site by (UNESCO) in 1984

Music credits : Yellow Tunes
( https://www.yellowtunes.net/ )
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